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Tourism

Rigvediya Manusa 7 Manasa Tirtha

Manusa 7 Manasa Tirthaha Manusa sanctum - situated at Manasa village, 7 kms. away from Kaithal. Manasa village - exists at a distance of 1 km of Vaidika river `Apaya' or Pauranika `Apaga' and its importance stands proven being situated in district Kaithal and referred in Rigveda. Vaidika seer founds fire here: `Nitva dadha a prithisya ilayasapade sudinatve ahnama | "Drisadvatyama Manusa payayama Saraswatyama revadagne didiha".|| Rigveda, 1/23/4.

In the above said hymn, a Vaidika seer asks to lit fire in Manusa between `Drisadvati and Saraswati rivers. Doubtless, in Mahabharata, its name and fame has been described as below:

"Tatogachcheta Ragendra Maniram lokavishrutam |
Yatra Krisnamriga Ragan vgadhena shrapidita ||
Vigahya tasmina sarasi manusatvamupagataha |
Tasmina tirthe naraha snatva brahmachari samahitaha ||"
Sarvapapa vishuddhatma swargaloke mahiyate ||
Mahabharata, Vanaparva, 83/65-67.

(Therefore, O Rajendra (king) there after one should go to famous holy place, Manusa Tirtha The herbs of black dears, wounded with the arrows of the hunter, after bathing in this pond, have attained the man - from. For this, it is called Manisa Tirtha. A devotee, following the order of celibacy and having complete control on his mind and heart, after bathing in this pool becomes sin-free and finds place in heaven.)

Some scholars opine that Manusa holy place is linked with Apaga sanctum near Kurukshetra's Karnajheela (a huge pond). Factually, the location of Apaya or Apaga at a distance of one km is accepted by Mahabharata and Purana both respectively.

Manusasya to puruena koshamatra Mahipte | Apaga nama vikhyata nadi siddhanivesita. ||' Mahabharata - Vanaparva 83\67.

Vamana Purana also says:

"Manusasya to purvena koshamatre dwifottama |
Apaga nama vikhijata nadi dwifaniveshita ||

In Rigveda also Apaga and Manusa are described with Saraswati and Drisadanti in one verse or hymn. And above given description comes just after the reference of Kaithal's Vriddha kedara Turtha in Kapisthala > and Kapisthala.
                                                                                See Mahabharata, Vanaparva, chap. 83, Verse 74.

Manasa is situated in the east, one mile away from Apaga ( now a Government canal ). Residents of the nearby area, accepting this canal as Saraswati, bathe in it and perform rituals on holy occasions. Old record of irrigation department calls it as Saraswati. Therefore, old Apaya's or Apaga's rocking waves flow-path was here. Keeping in view all this data, it remains proved that `Manasa' is the name of Rigvaidika village `Manusa' and the existance of Apaya or Apaga, at a distance of one km, is an established fact without any controversy.


Apaya Tirtha - Gadali

Riigvraidika Manisa Tirtha and Pauranika Apaya or Apaga river used to run with its violent velocity in the east of Manusa at a distance of one km only. In Vamana purana, Apaga has been called a rainy river among the rivers of Brahmavarta. In the east of Kaithal, at a distance of 3 kms. from Manusa in the direction of Kaithal, this sanctum is situated at the village Gadali. The worshippers who offer Sawan rice, prepared in milk and mixed with ghee, to the Brahmans and perform 'Shraddha' sites on the Apaya river-bank, become free from every sin, get their wishes fulfilled as their forefathers wish that in their family a son or grandson, who will perform 'Tarpana' with tila etc., we will remain satisfied up to hundreds of kalpas. At a small distance from here, in the west 'Brahmodumkara Tirtha' - one of the best places of Brahma - is situated.

This 'Kunda' (a type of deep pond was built by Bharadwaja, Gautama, Jamadagni, Kashyapa, Vishwamitra, Vasistha and Lord Abhi like hermits etc. Its situation has been established village `Shilakhedi' near Kaithal by the Kurukshetra Vikas Board. This pond remains in a dilapidated condition. But still it is believed that a devotee who performs `Pindadana' situals on fourteenth day of Krisna Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada gets moksha pada.


Kedara (Vriddhakedara) Tirtha

Mahabharata described about this sacred spot. Vamana Purana calls it Vriddhakedara and Nilakanthi Commentary on Mahabharata describes it as `Kapisthalasya Kedara'. People say that this was built by a wealthy man, Seth Vidhichand, but it doesn't appeal. Possibly it may be renovated by him Vamana Purana clearly states that at this holy place `Vriddhakedara' deva himself resides. `Swayama devo Vriddhakedara samgyitaha'. A person, after performing Tarpana' rites and paying obeisance to Lord Dindi, drinks three palmful water - 'Chullakatrayam'- (36.116), gets the fruit of going to one of the eight Shiva Tirthas of Varanasi i.e. Kedara Tirtha (Actually five Kedaras are famous: Kedaranatha, Tunganatha, Rudranatha, Madhyeshwara, Kalpeshwara.) Kapisthala of Brahmavarta had remained the main centre for performing penance and meditation.

In the same context a reference about 'Gyaraharudri Tirtha' has also been given in various Puranas. Adi Parva of Mahabharata depicts the names of eleven Rudras. Though any Purana has not mentioned these, yet it is a fact that people had great faith in them.


Brahmanakalina Parisaraka - (Saraka Tirtha) - Shergarh

Aittaveya Brahmana describes about it. This pious place is situated at a distance of four kms. from Kaithal and one km away on Kaithal-Hissar highway in the village Shergarh.

The above said Brahmana (8/1 or 2/10) tells a tale that Saraswati saved Saint Kavasa and where she went running, that place was called `Parisaraka'. Possibly, due to scorching heat-haze, the close by forests of Kaithal went on fire and just after an in torrential rain, the speedy Saraswati extinguished the flames. And that place became the abode of Sage Kavasa, known today's as 'Parisaraka Ashrama' and 'Saraka Tirtha'.

1. P.V.Kane - Dharma Shastra Ka Itihasa, Part 3, Page 1373.

The detailed description about this pious place is found in Mahabharata and Vamana purana as well. According to Mahabharata there are three crore sacred spots in this sanctum.

"Tato gachcheta Regendra Sarakam Lokavishrutam |
Krisnapakshe Chaturdashyamabhigamya Vrisadhwagam ||
Labheta sarva Kamana hi swargalokamcha gachchati |
Tisra Kotyasty tirthanama Sarake Kunmandana ||"

( O! Rajendra, thereafter, one should go to Saraka, a pious place where on the 14th day of Krisnapaksha after offering prayers to Lord Shiva, one's all wishes are fulfilled and goes to heaven.)

"Vamana Purana says it unattainable in three lokas :
Tato gachcheta Sarakam trailokasyapi durlabham | Krisnapakshe_______________________ ||

Vama Pu/36/20-21.

On the basis of above depictions `Parisaraka' is the oldest one among the pious places of Kaithal.


Ilaspada

Puranakara says that the destroyer of all sins and remover of all fears is 'Idaspada' sanctum, near Kaithal.

'Idaspadam Cha Tabhaiva Tirtha papabhayapaham'. Va. Pu. 36/24.

This is the same place where King 'Pururava' fell in love with 'Uravashi'. A person who comes here gets the knowledge about Lord Indra and seeks salvation.


Devitirtha Kalasi

Tirth is situated 2 kms. away on the boundary of village Devigarha and Kaithal-Karnal highway, is known KimdanaKunda. . Vamana Purana says that Goddess Durga, in the forms of Bhadra-Nidra Maya-Santani and Katyayani lives here.

Va Pu Chap. 83/verse-80


Amvajanma Tirtha

Mahabharata has named it `Amvajanma Tirtha' of Mahatma `Narada' whereas Vamana Purana has called it Maharsi Narada's famous `Ambajanma Tirtha' Mahabharata has named it `Amvajanma Tirtha' of Mahatma `Narada'

whereas Vamana Purana has called it Maharsi Narada's famous `Ambajanma Tirtha'. According to Vamana Purana, after murder of Hiranya Kashyapa, Lord Vishnu in the form of Nrisinhga had a tough fight with. For thousands of years with Lord Shiva in the form of Sharabha. While fighting, they fell in a pond. On the bank of this pond, Narada was meditating under Ashwattha tree. When Devarsi saw them, Shri Visnu, in the form of chalurbhuja and lord Shiva in the form of Linga appeared. Maharsi Narada praised them in a verse and said that from today this place will be known as `Anyajanma'. Any person, who will come here and after having bath in this pond will perform Terpana sites for his forefathers, will get the complete knowledge of senses. This holy place is situated at a distance of 5 kms from Kaithal in the west in Dyoda Village.


Pundarika Tirtha - Pundri

This sanctum is situated 16 kms away from Kaithal, on the Kaithal-Karnal highway in the Pundri town. It's reference is found in Mahabharata and Vamana Purana also. This holy place should be visited on the 10th day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Chaitra Many temples enhance its beauty. Born nearly 1870, the famous writer of Shri Rama drama, poet Lala Devat-rama and renowned stage actor Lala Madan Lal belonged to s town. Folk-tales teller, poet and singer Gangarama Bhata also showed his poetic excellence here.

Trivistapa Tirtha - Tyontha

Situated at a distance of 40kms from Karnal on Kaithal-Karnal road, this is referred in Mahabharata and vamana Purana after Pundarika Tirtha. Vaitarani is one of the seven famous rivers of Kurukshetra (Saraswati, Apaga, Mandakiniganga, Vasu, Kaushiki, Drisadvati and Hiranyavati). A devotee, offering prayer to Lord Shiva and having bath in bad-deeds-destroyer Vaitarani, attains the state of bliss.

1)Yamana Purana/Chap. 34/6-7.
2)----do---- Chap. 36/41-42.

Except these holy places, Mahabharata refers about `Phalgu Thirtha'. Its detailed description has already been given earlier. In Pharal village where this sanctum is situated, there are many sacred places like `Sarvadevi Tirtha', `Panikhata Tirtha', `Sumahat Tirtha' etc.

where a devotee, after having a bath, gets the fruits of `Agnistama-Atirama' yajnas and Rajasuya yajna, Samkhya (Jyana) and Yoga (Karma) knowledge respectively.

1)Mahabharata, Vana Parva, 83/86-90
2)Vamana Purana, 36/47-51


Mishraka Tirtha - Nissang

This sacred place is situated at a distance of 24 kms. from Karnal on the Kaithal-Karnal stretch. As per narration given in Mahabharata and Vamana Purana, Mishraka means `Mishrita' (conglomcrated) i.e. Mhatma Vyasa, after making the mixture of all sacred places, constructed this sanctum for Brahmanas. Vamana Purana says that Vyasadeva mixed all the pious places in this Tirtha. A worshipper, who takes dip here gets award of all baths taken in other sanctums.

Devitirtha Mohana -(Manojavati and Madhuvati)

This is situated, 4 kms away from Pundri, in Mohana village on Kaithal-Karnal route. According to Mahabharata, these holy place's description is given side by side and it is said that "obeying the religious orders, taking less meal or food, who visits Vyasavana and bathes in this sacred places, gets the fruit of equivalent to the donation of thousand cows. Amana Purana calls it `Manojava'. It means that a person, who takes bath in Manojava and Madhuvati, gets his all ambitions fulfilled. In Mahabharata, mainly three holy places' detail is given i.e. `Devitirtha Shankhini' (Samgana), `Madhuvati' (Madhuvana) and `Mrigadhuma'. Though these are the different names of `Devitirtha', yet their rewards quite apart.

1)Mahabharata, vanaparva, chap. 83
2)Vamana Purana, chap. 36/verses, 54-55-56.


Vyasasthali - Basthali

Due to Vedavyasa, this sacred place is situated on Kaithal-Karnal road. All the religious places are related with Kurukshetra and Brahma, Vishnu, Mehesa and other sages and seers. Its name is `Devaipayana' also. According to Mahabharata and Vamana Purana, the meeting point of `Kaushiki' and `Drisadvati' rivers exists in the land of Kurukshetra and due to confluence if these rivers, it was named as `Dwaipayana' and being black called Krishna Dwaipayana. Due to distribution and compilation of vedas, Parashara' son is called `Krisnadwaipayana Vedriyasa'. He is the writer of Bhagvata, Mahabharata and 18 Puranas. So, on the basis of such important and renowned saint, this place was named as Vyasasthali, in his own life-span. In the `Kimdatta Kupa' a devotee should offer 16 palmful `Tila'. By this offering he becomes free from three loans i.e. Pitri Rina, Guru Rina and Deva Rina. A bath in Veditirtha awards him the fruit of thousand cows' donation. Devi Bhagavata narrates the sorrowful story of Vyasadeva. After completion of his studies, Shukadeva got married and following the order of Grihastha ashrama, one day after breaking the shackles of somestic life and mentally disturbed, he went to Kailasha mountain and started meditation. One day, with his own meditation powers, breaking the top of Kailasha, he started shining like a second Sun. All gods praised him. the sudden separation of son shattered him badly. Aggrieved, he started roaming hither and thither. At last be reached Kailasha and started calling his son cacaphonically. Then Lord Shiva consoled him. Then he returned to his hermitage and started living peacefully. Therefore, this place is called Vyasasthali.


Rasamangala Tirtha

In the periphery of Songal village, at a distance of 2 kms on the border of Jakhauli and Songal , this holy place is situated.Mahabhrata and Vamana Purana do not depict its importance. On the basis of an anecdote it can be said that Lord Brahma performed a special `Yajna' in which all male gods and female goddesses were invited,

Lord Brahma, to please the gods, offered them their dear most drink `Somarasa' (a special type of drink brewed from `Somalata' in vaidika period). Here is an ancient big mound, out of its upper layer, some earthen pots are found. These prove its antiquity. In the village, it is called `Rasavta Tirtha'.

Vamana Purana, Chap. 36/Verses, 66-69. Mahabharata, Vanaparva, Chap. 83, Verse 105-106.


Vamana Tirtha - Saungala

Situated at a distance of 17 kms from Pundri, in the south-west of Saungala village, Mahabharata and Vamana Purana vividly narrate its importance. After bathing in `Visnupada Sarovara' (a tank) and paying obeisance to Lord Vamana, a devotee, free from all sins, becomes completely purified and enters into Vishnu Loka. A bather in `Kulumpuna Tirtha' makes his all family sinless. In Mahabharata's Vanapurana, it has been named as `Sarvapapapramochanam' and related to Hari or Lord Visnu. In `Jyesthama Tirtha', if a devotee, on the eleventh day of Shukla Paksha (bright moon-lit period) in the month of Jyestha, keeping himself away from any and every food and on the 12th day takes bath, seeks `Mukti'.

Mahabharatha, Vanaparva, Chap. 83/Verses 103-104.


Kotikuta Tirtha -Keorak

Tirtha is situated 10 kms. away from Kaithal-Pehowa road Devi Kunti, suffering from the feeling of hate towards herself, on the advice of a saint, bathed here and become sin-free. It is commonly believed that person becomes sinless after bathing here. In the 25th chapter's, Verses 41, Brahma Purana says:

'Saptarsikundam tatha tirtha devyaha sujambukam |
Ihaspadam kotikutam kindanam kimjapam tatha ||'



Naimisakunja Tirtha - Naunch

On the Kaithal-Pehowa road, 8 KMs away from Kaithal and at a distance of 49 KMs. from Kurukshetra this holy place is situated. According to Mahabharata, Sauti on the advice of saints, narrated the complete story of Mahabharata in Naimisaranya. In the Vanapurana of Mahabharatha it is stated that the sages of Naimisa forest constructed Naimisakunja.

Then they erected `Saraswati Kunja' which is called today `Naimisakunja'. Vedavyasa says that a bather in Srikunja named `Sarswati Tirtha' gets the fruit of `Agnistoma' yojna.

Mahabharata,Vanaparva,Chap. 83/Verses-108-110.
Close by this holy place `Vedavati Tirtha' also exists.
Mahabharata,Vanaparva,Chap. 83-84/Verses, 111-64.

We find a brief description about this holy place in Mahabharata, whereas a detailed description in Vanmana Purana has been given. In Ramayana, this holy place is concerned with Sita. The King of Lanka, Ravana, full of ego and ahamkara (I am only the powerful) captured the hair-locks of Vedavati as he was criticising Lord Visnu. Feeling insulted, she decided to put herself in fire and said to Ravana that she will reborn to kill him. Then she went into flames and took rebirth in the form of King Janaka's daughter.(1) Vamana Purana says that Sita was forcibly taken away and then her husband, Shri Rama, killed Ravana and brought her back to home.

`Tatra tirtha mahakhyatam Vedavatya nisevitam'(2)

A devotee who bathes here gets the fruit of Kayadana, gets bliss and becomes completely free from all sins. (3)

`Aisa Vadavati nama purvamasitakrita yuge |
bheta yugamanuprapya vadhartha tasya rakshasah ||
utpanna Maithilakula Janakasya mahatmanaha |||'

(1) Ba.Ra/uttarakanda, 17/38. (2) Va.Pu. Chap. 37/Verse 8. (3) --do- -do-- /Verse 12-13.

Mahabharata calls it as `Kanyatirtha'. On the basis of Indian time calculation, the Mahabharata war happened in Dwapara age and before this in Treta age Rama-Ravana war erupted and Ramayan was written in this period. therefore Vedavati Tirtha is of Treta age.


Brahma Tirtha

Mahabharata and Vamana Purana both depict this holy place. In this sacred spot even a person, not belonging to Brahmana community, becomes Brahmana. Situated in Thana village, on Kaithal-Pehowa road, this sanctum is spread over the area of 115 acre land of Thana village.


Soma Tirtha - Sainsa

Today it does not exist. According to villagers, on its land cultivation is going on. Vama Purana calls it a meditation place of moon Lord.

Va. Pu. Chap. 37/Verse 15-16.


Gandharava Tirtha - Gauhrankhedi

Situated at a distance of 17 kms. from Kaithal in the North-West of Gauhrankhedi, Mahabharata and Padma Purana both give its description related with Gandhavas, it is called such. Lord Krishna's elder brother Balrama paid a visit here. According to Mahabharatakara, `Subhumika' sanctum is a play ground of `Apsaras'.

Balramaji, after having a bath, enjoyed the divine music and paid obeisance to the idols of Gods, Gandharvas and Demons reached here. Many Gadharvas like Vishwavasu organise ear-soothing music here. A fair is held every year on the eight day of Shravana month. Temples of Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga exists here.

 


Rinamochana Tirtha - Rasina

Vamana, Brahma and Matsya Puranas describe about its sanctity and importance widely. Mahabharata does not refer about it. Pauranika scriptures call it `Rinamochana' or `Rinaparamochana'. In general language it got the name of `Rinamochana'.

According to a brief tale, in the old times king Kakshivana had two sons. His oldest son `Prithushrava' didn't marry and not paid any type of obeisance to Agni. Second son also did so. On seeing this, the Pitrigana advised them that should go to the bank of Gautami, take a bath in it and perform `Tarpana'. After performing all these rituals the eldest brother will become free from `Pitririna' and younger brother from `Parivitti' (due to being elder brother unmarried, if younger gets married, the latter one becomes sinful and remains unhappy) sin. They performed all sites with pure heart and became free from all sins. According to Brahma Purana Rinamochana sanctum makes a man free from Shrauta, Smriti and other types of all sins.

A devotee becomes happy after taking bath and offering donations here. `Tatra snancna danana sisni muktaha sukhi bhavet'. Vamana Purana says that served by Lord Brahma a devotee who worship here remains free from Deva, Risi and Pitri loans.

`Rinairmukta bhavennityam devarsipitri sambhsvaiha'
A pool also exists where two ghats are there, one for males and second for females.
1)Brahma Purana/Chap. 99/12.
2)Vamana Purana/Chap. 41/6.


Alepaka Tirtha - Shakra (Samkra)

Vamana, Brahma and Matsya Puranas describe about its sanctity and importance widely. Mahabharata does not refer about it. Pauranika scriptures call it `Rinamochana' or `Rinaparamochana'. In general language it got the name of `Rinamochana'.

According to a brief tale, in the old times king Kakshivana had two sons. His oldest son `Prithushrava' didn't marry and not paid any type of obeisance to Agni. Second son also did so. On seeing this, the Pitrigana advised them that should go to the bank of Gautami, take a bath in it and perform `Tarpana'. After performing all these rituals the eldest brother will become free from `Pitririna' and younger brother from `Parivitti' (due to being elder brother unmarried, if younger gets married, the latter one becomes sinful and remains unhappy) sin. They performed all sites with pure heart and became free from all sins. According to Brahma Purana Rinamochana sanctum makes a man free from Shrauta, Smriti and other types of all sins.

A devotee becomes happy after taking bath and offering donations here. `Tatra snancna danana sisni muktaha sukhi bhavet'. Vamana Purana says that served by Lord Brahma a devotee who worship here remains free from Deva, Risi and Pitri loans.

`Rinairmukta bhavennityam devarsipitri sambhsvaiha'
A pool also exists where two ghats are there, one for males and second for females.
1)Brahma Purana/Chap. 99/12.
2)Vamana Purana/Chap. 41/6.


Kulottarrana Tirtha - Kaul

This place is situated at a distance of 28 kms. from Kurukshetra in the village of Kaul. To make the families free from all bad deeds, this sanctum had been named as such. Kurukshetra, with the same name, has three sacred places.

First Kismich, second Kultarana (Kaithal) and third Kulottarana (Kaul). Vamana Purana has described it in the verses 74-75.
(1) See Vamana Purana, Chap. 36/Verses from 68 to 75.

Following the four disciplines, the devotees after having bath here, make their 21 families free from all bondages:

`Brahmachari grihasthaha cha vanapracthe yatistatha |
Kulani tarayeat snataha sapta sapta cha sapta cha || '
1) Vamana Purana, Chap. 36/62-65.


Pavanahrida Tirtha - Pabanava

Vamana purana says that Pavana, aggrieved with the loss of her son (Hanumana), disappeared in a sarovara (pond). A worshipper, who takes bath in this pond and pays obeisance to Lord Maheshwara, frees himself from all sins and gets `Shivapada'. According to Mahabharata this holy place is most important of Marvdaganas. After taking a dip here one goes to Visnuloka.

`Pavanasya hrade snatva Marvtama tirthamuttama |
tatra snatva naravyaghra visnuloke mahiyate ||'

Mahabharata, Vanaparva 83/105.

In ancient period this must have remained in the form of a big lake.


Kulottarana Tirtha - Kulatarana

This sanctum is situated in two villages, according to a book `48 Kosa Kurukshetra bhumi ki parikarma' published by the Kurukshetra Vikas Board, Haryana.

1) In Karnal district's village Kismich.
2) In the village Kaul of District Kaithal.

In Vamana Purana's chapter 36, a description about Kulottarana Tirtha at Kirmich has been given in the verses 74-76. About Kolottarana sacred spot the same reference has been given. therefore, being self contradictory, scholars do not agree. Possibly giving it the name of `Kotitirtha', there is a conspiracy. Possibly it has been dug up by some mahatma to quench the thirst of the villagers. This holy place is situated in `Kultarana' village, near Kaithal. A `Kulottarana' pond is there which is spread out in 5 acre land.

Vamana Purana's chapter 36 says :

"Tatra tirthe naraha snatva amritvamavapruyata |
Kulottaranamasadya tirthasevi divijottama ||"

Vamana Purana says that a devotee who dips here becomes immortal and makes his maternal-paternal families completely free from all sins.

Vamana Purana, Chap. 37/4-5

These are the sanctums of Kurukshetra and Kaithal districts.

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